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Government Of Assam Sonitpur District

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

Swachh Bharat Mission is a massive mass movement that seeks to create a Clean India by 2019. The father of our nation Mr. Mahatma Gandhi always puts the emphasis on Swachhata as Swachhata leads to healthy and prosperous life. Keeping this in mind, the Indian government has decided to launch the Swachh bharat mission on October 2, 2014.The mission will cover all rural and urban areas. The urban component of the mission will be implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, and the rural component by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.

Phase I

The Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). The SBM (G) was launched on 2nd October 2014 to ensure cleanliness in India and make it Open Defecation Free (ODF) in Five Years. It seeks to improve the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayat Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitized.

Incentive as provided under the Mission for the construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) was available for all Below Poverty Line (BPL) Households and Above Poverty Line (APL) households restricted to SCs/STs, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers with homestead, physically handicapped and women headed households. The Incentive amount provided under SBM (G) to Below Poverty Line (BPL) /identified APLs households was up to Rs.12,000 for construction of one unit of IHHL and provide for water availability, including for storing for hand-washing and cleaning of the toilet. Central Share of this Incentive for IHHLs was Rs.9,000/- (75%) from Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). The State share was Rs.3,000/-(25%). For North Eastern State, and Special category States, the Central share was Rs. 10,800/- and the State share Rs.1,200/- (90% : 10%). The beneficiary was encouraged to additionally contribute in the construction of his/her IHHL to promote ownership.

Said to be the world’s largest behavior change programme, it achieved the seemingly impossible task by generating a people’s movement at the grassroots. All stakeholders worked together from 2014 to 2019 and in a time bound manner ensured that, as on 2nd October 2019 all districts across India, declared themselves as ODF.

Phase II

Having achieved the milestone of an ODF India in a time bound manner in the last five years from 2014 to 2019, the work on sanitation and the behavior change campaign has to continue to sustain the gains made under the programme and also to ensure no one is left behind and the overall cleanliness (Sampoorn Swachhata) in villages as well.

In February 2020, the Phase-II of the SBM (G) with a total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores was approved with a focus on the sustainability of ODF status and Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM). SBM (G) Phase-II is planned to be a novel model of convergence between different verticals of financing and various schemes of Central and State Governments. The programme will be implemented in mission mode from 2020-21 to 2024-25.


The aim of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) phase II is to ensure the open defecation free behaviors are sustained

•    Open defecation free behaviours are sustained and no one is left behind.
•   Solid and liquid waste management facilities are accessible and reinforcing ODF behaviours and focus on providing interventions for safe management of solid and liquid waste in villages
•   To encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
•  To develop, wherever required, community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
•  To create significant positive impact on gender and promote social inclusion by improving sanitation especially in marginalized communities

Open Defecation Free (ODF) is the termination of faecal-oral transmission, defined by:

•    No visible faeces found in the environment/village; and
•    Every household as well as public/community institutions using safe technology option for disposal of faeces.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) has focused on achievement of open defecation free (ODF) villages.

Many villages across India are now declaring themselves as Open Defecation Free. The States are also verifying the same as per their respective mechanisms. The achievement of ODF involves to a great extent work of behaviour change, sustenance of which requires concerted efforts by the community. In the past, there have been slippages from Nirmal status in the Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) awarded villages. Therefore, it is important to draw lessons regarding those slippages and work out activities that minimize that risk.

A key factor is close engagement with such villages for a period of time after it becomes Open Defecation Free. Many Districts ans States have evolved certain parameters to maintain sustainability of ODF. Based on such good practices, guidelines for ODF sustainability are being framed to guide the States and Districts in sustaining the ODF status. These guidelines are only inductive and the States are free to adopt other measures, as deemed suitable to them, to sustain ODF.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Sonitpur







Base Line Survey (BLS-12)




















 A total no. of 31 no. of Community sanitary Complex (CSC) has been constructed in Sonitpur District.


SBM Guideline416.39 KBswf-image
ODF+ Guideline2.9 MBswf-image