Situated on the bank of Brahmaputra River, adorned by lush
green hills and hillocks, decorated with parks and
lakes; the city has been bestowed by nature with a beauty that never
fails to captivate the mind of any traveler.
literally means ‘the
city of blood’,
of the romantic legend of Usha and Anirudha.
The legend revolves
around Banasura, the great Asura king of ancient Tezpur, his
beautiful daughter Usha and her
friend Chitralekha. The princess saw a handsome
prince in her dreams and fell in love with him. Chitralekha,
artist, not only painted
his portrait from Usha's description
but recognised him to be Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna and ruler
of Dwarka. Using her magical powers, Chitralekha spirited
Aniruddha away to the princess' boudoir where the two
married each other according to Gandharva rites,
without the knowledge of the king. When
Banasura learnt of the clandestine romance,
he imprisoned Aniruddha, which led to
arrival of Lord Krishna to rescue his grandson. A fierce
battle followed and the entire city was drenched in
blood, hence the name Tezpur, i.e. ‘the
city of blood’
It was during the Mleccha dynasty or the line of Salastambha (from the last part of the 7th Century A.D. to the 10th century A.D), that the city was known as Haruppesvera or Hadapervara or Hadapesvara or Hatapesvara. The Tezpur Rock Inscriptions of Harjar Varma is of 829-30 A.D. The Tezpur and the Parbatia Copper Plates of Vanamats (middle of the 9th century A.D.), the Bargaon Grant of Ratnapala (circa 1035 A.D.) also reflect the city’s historical importance. Da-parbatia Door frame located at Da-parbatia near Tezpur is regarded as one of the excellent pieces of monumental art in stone in Assam.
Although the city lost its importance during the medieval era, it
was soon to regain it when the British came. Considering its strategic importance the colonial rulers first made it in
to a garrison town. Gradually it became an important
centre of trade and commerce, used as a river
port for the surrounding tea gardens and other colonial commercial
ventures in the hinterland.
In 1835, Tezpur became headquarter of Darrang District.
In the 1962 Chinese aggression, the city faced the apprehension
of invasion, and bears a Memorial near the Circuit House as a testimony
In 1983, the Darrang District was partitioned, and Tezpur became
the headquarter of Sonitpur District.
District Museum at Dak Bungalow
Dak Bungalow is an old and beautiful British era building in heart of the town. Recently it has been renovated and now houses the District Museum.
Ouguri hill on bank of Brahmaputra river provides breath taking view of the mighty river and Tezpur town. There are huge rocks on the top of the hill which add to the beauty of the hill. These rocks provide facility for rock climbing. There is a giant statue of Kanaklata, legendary martyr of Quit India movement of 1942,on the top of the hill. Recently district administration started developing the hill in to a beautiful park.
Mahabhairab Temple :
It is 10 km to the north of Tezpur, near Tezpur- Balipara
main road. A linga was found by a cultivator ( Hallowa) while he was ploughing
in the field. A temple was constructed initially on this linga. Later , the Ahom
King Rudra Singha constructed the temple in 1705 AD.
Rudrapada Temple :
To the east of Tezpur town, on the bank of river Brahmaputra the Rudrapada
temple is situated. It is believed that Rudra ( Lord Shiva ) had left the print
of his left foot (pada) on a stone found in the temple. It is believed that Mahadeva
showed his real self to king Bana here. Rudrapada temple was later built by Siva
Singha in the year 1730 A.D. The main temple was destroyed, due to erosion of
Nine lines Inscription of Harjjar Varma :
About 2 kms away from the heart of the town, close to the
Rudrapada temple on the bank of river Brahmaputra the famous nine line
inscription of Harjjar Varma (approximately – 815 – 834 AD) is seen. This
inscription is of 829-30 A.D. This is found engraved on a stone. This
inscription is archaeologically important.
Bhairabi Devalaya :
Bhairabi temple is situated on a small hillock on the bank of river Brahmaputra. It is in the eastern side of Tezpur. Tradition has it that "Usha" the daughter of King Banasur, used to offer puja to the Goddess Bhairabi regularly. Bhairabi is another form of Durga.. The temple we see here now, is newly built. There is no sign of the old temple. It is believed to be destroyed by various natural calamities. Ruins of old temple are lying scattered around the temple.
has a number of guesthouses and hotels for accommodating tourists.
House ,Arunachal Govt.
Guest House (Parbatiya)
The important hotels
Luit, Hotel Parijat, Hotel Durba, Hotel Basant, Hotel Meghdoot, Hotel Blue Star,
Hotel Frontier, Hotel Rest House, Hotel Himalaya, Central Lodge, Hotel
Kanyapur, and Hati Pilkhana.
The Tezpur city boasts of a Central University, a few colleges,
and a number of schools.
The Tezpur University, a Central University, was established in
the early nineties. Situated in the suburb of Napaam, the university is
still in a nascent stage, but has all the potential to become a national
level academic and research centre.
The premier colleges of the city are the Darrang College and the
Tezpur College. There is also a girls’ college near Mission Chariali
The Assam Valley School, situated at a distance of 15 Kms from
Tezpur, is a first rate public school with all the requisite
facilities for all-round education. Besides, there are also other good
schools like Don Bosco, Saint Joseph’s Convent, Sacred Heart
School in Tezpur. The government run schools provide quality
education in the vernacular medium. There are two Kendriya
at Dekargaon and Solmora.
Tezpur has a
Civil Hospital named after the famous martyr girl, Kanaklata. The Kanaklata Civil Hospital has top quality indoor and outdoor sections to provide medical
treatment to a wide range of people.
With efforts of District Admistration work of drainage system, incinerator,
boundary wall and Blood Bank have already been started. Public
contributions have been mobilised and a new modern paying ward has been
Besides, there are a number of private nursing homes, viz. E.M.Mirdha Hospital, Sukhada Nursing Home, Gogoi Nursing Home etc.
has the premier mental hospital of North East India. It is named as
'Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health'.
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