Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), is an Indian Government programme aimed at the universalisation of elementary education "in a time bound manner", as mandated by the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the age group of 6 to 14 a fundamental right.
SSA as an intervention programme, it started on 2001 and SSA has been operational since 2000-2001. However, its roots go back to 1993-1994, when the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) was launched, with an aim of achieving the objective of universal primary Education. DPEP, over several phases, covered 09 districts in ASSAM including Sonitpur District. The expenditure on the programme was shared by the Central Government (85%) and the State Government (15%).
The Right to Education Act 2009(RTE) came into force on 1 April 2010. Some educationists and policy makers believe that, with the passing of this act, SSA has acquired the necessary legal force for its implementation. The RTE, Act 2009 provides the constitutional Right to Education to every child age between 6 to 14 years thereby guaranteeing the Right to Free and Compulsory Elementary Education. Section 29 of the RTE, Act 2009 mandates that every child in India aged 6 to 14 years has the constitutional Right to receive quality, inclusive and child friendly education.