AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT

Sonitpur District Assam India

AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT


Sonitpur Agriculture district comprises three agriculture subdivisions viz. Tezpur , Biswanath snd Gohpur. There are twenty four Agriculture development officers circles in the distrist . Tezpur subdivision comprises of seventeen ADOs (Agricultural Development Officers ) circles , Biswanath subdivision comprises of four ADO circles and Gohpur subdivision comprises of three ADO circles. The main objective of the department is to uplift the standard of living of the farmers by raising their farm income through adoption of advance agriculture technologies viz. – use of high quality / high yielding variety / hybrid seeds, creation and use of irrigation facilities , use of tools and machineries for mechanization, food processing and post harvest management , marketing of surplus farm produce, off season cultivation of vegetables under plastic green house etc. For technology dissemination , trainings , demonstrations , exposure visit for farmers , trial in field , holding of field day etc. are done so that technologies are percolated to all levels of farmers . To achieve the objectives , provisions are made for financial assistance , distribution of agriculture inputs at subsidized price, arrangement of bank loan etc.

CONTACT DETAILS:

Office Name: Office of the District Agriculture  Officer, Sonitpur, Tezpur.

Address:District Agriculture  Officer, Sonitpur, Tezpur , P.O – Tezpur, PIN 784001. Assam

Phone Number:03712233969

Email ID:daotez@gmail.com

BASIC STATISTICS OF SONITPUR DISTRICT:

    Sl. No.

     

    DETAIL STATISTICS as on April 2016

      1.

    Geographical Area

    5,32,400 ha

    2.

    Cultivable Area

    1,65,129 ha

    3.

    Net cropped Area

    1,51,867 ha

    4.

    Gross Cropped Area

    2,51,721 ha

    5.

    Area sown more than once

      74,583 ha

    6.

    Mono Cropped Area

    77,284 ha

    7.

    Forest Area

    1,54,563 ha

    8.

    Area under horticultural crop

      43,782 ha

    9.

    Cultivable waste land

          513 ha

    10.

    Chronically flood-prone area

    15,687 ha

    11.

    Char Area

    30,778 ha

    12.

    Irrigated Area Under (STW/LLP)

    22,344 ha

    13.

    Cropping Intensity

    165.75%

    14.

    Average Rainfall

    1355 to 2350 mm (122-134) days

    15.

    Nos. of farmers SHG

    2298 nos.

    16.

    Nos. of GPSS

    42 nos.

    17.

    Nos. of GP

    158 nos.

    18.

    Nos. of AP

    14 nos.

    19.

    Nos. of Civil Sub-Division

    3 nos.

    20.

    Nos. of Revenue Circle

    8nos.

    21.

    Nos. of Agril. Sub-Division

    3 nos.

    22.

    Nos. of Dev. Blocks

    14 nos.

    23.

    Nos. of Villages

    1696 nos.

    24.

    Nos. of ADO Circle

    24 nos.

    25.

    Nos. of VLEW Eleka

    167 nos.

    26.

    Nos. of Tea Garden

    88 nos.

    27.

    Nos. of Cold Storage

    2 nos.

    28.

    Fertilizer consumption

    40 kg/ha

    29

    Spread of Cultivable Area :

     

    (a) Low Land

    24,182 ha

    (b) Medium Land

    95,395 ha

    (c) Upland

    29,835 ha

    (d) Riverine, low elevation

    10,896 ha

    (e) Deep water

    4821 ha

         Total

     

    1,65,129 ha

    29

    Nos. of Farm Families

    2,03,161 nos.

    (a) % of big farmers

    12 %

    (b) % of small farmers

    37 %

    (c) % of marginal farmers

    36 %

    (d) % of landless farmers

    15 %

    (e) % of SC farmers

    10 %

    (f) % of ST farmers

    16 %

 Introduction:

The district is located in the north bank plain agro-climatic zone of the  state .In the north, Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, in south the Brahmaputra river, in east Lakhimpur district and in west with Darrang district surround the district. The district lies in between 26.28-27.08 degree north latitude l and 91.19 to 93.47 degree east longitude. The geographical area of the district is 5.32 lakh hectares that is 6.78% of the state area. The district comprises of three agricultural sub-divisions,viz., Tezpur, Biswanath chariali and Gohpur, 14 Blocks, 158 Goan panchayats and 1696 revenue villages. The details of geographical area, gaon panchayats and villages are presented in Table-2.1.

Table 2.1: General Information of the district

 

Name of Block

Geographical Area in ha.

No. of Gaon panchayats

No. of Revenue villages

Borchola

43238

11

102

Dhekiajuli

63748

18

192

Bihaguri

22281

9

93

Rangapara

21107

8

83

Gabharu

23261

8

89

Balipara

56584

18

174

Naduar

41510

10

127

Sootea

38431

10

104

Sakomotha

25895

8

96

Biswanath

26732

7

87

Baghmora

25297

8

85

Behali

26656

9

94

Pub-Choiduar

61232

17

191

Choiduar

56428

17

179

TOTAL

532400

158

1696


General Statistics:

 

Land use pattern

Out of the total geographical area of 5.32 lakh ha, 31.03 % area is cultivable , 29.05 % is under forest , 31.02 % under non agricultural use , 2023 % pasture  , 4.12 % barren / waste land 1.42 % is under miscellaneous plantation . At present, out of the total cultivable area 89.61 %  is under cultivation and remaining portion is cultivable waste land and current fellow that can also be brought under cultivation . Area under pasture is meager and marginally productive due to prevailing system of open grazing that has been continuing since long time without any replenishment of soil nutrient. This area needs special attention both by the farming community and government agencies.

Operational Land Holding:

Total numbers of operational land holder in the district is  2,03,161, out of which vary large holder are 1.18%,large 3.60%, medium 7.24% , small 34.80% ,marginal 36.45% and landless 16.70 %. The large holders occupying 5.10% of the cultivable area of the district , whereas large category is holding 11.14%, medium category holding 15.82% , small category holding 42.80%, marginal category holding 21.65% and landless category 3.48% of the cultivable area of the district. On the basis of size of land holdings resource rich families are 12.05% possessing 31.06% of cultivable area, whereas resource poor families are 87.95% possessing 67.94% of the cultivable area. Since nearly 88% of farm families are resource poor and are not in a position to adopt expensive technology, this section can be mobilized for low cost and also non land based activities

Physiographic :

The soil of the district can broadly be classified into three belts viz. Foothills of the Himalayas, Central belt of old alluvium and Low lying Reverine Belt. The foot hill soil are alluvial laterite red soils washed  down from hilly slope that are suitable for growing horticultural crops specially fruits. Soils of central belt of old alluvium are sandy loam and silty clay in texture and acidic in reaction and is suitable for paddy cultivation. The low lying reverine belt by the side of the river Brahmaputra is formed by the deposit carried on by the river and its tributaries during flood to form alluvial fertile soil. The texture of the soil in this belt is sandy or loamy sand in nature with reaction of neutral to slightly acidic. Different Rabi crops like pulses oilseeds, vegetable and spices like garlic are grown in this belt. Out of the total cultivable area of the district alluvial and sandy loam soils constitute 48.5% and 41.1% respectively. Sandy soil constitutes 8.6%of the cultivable area.

Soil Fertility Status:

Normally pH of most part of the soil in the district ranges in between 5.6 to 6.6. In very few cases it ranges 4.5 to 5.5. Around 15160 Ha of land (9.2% of cultivable area) is affected by iron toxicity. Toxicity varies in between 1.7 % (Behali block) to 26.5%     (Rangapara Block). A total of 2.5 % of the cultivable area is deficient in micronutrients viz. Boron, Zinc and Sulphur. Soils of all the blocks except Rangapara, Naduar , Biswanath and Sakomatha has high nitrogen content ;medium in Potash (except Sootea block ) and low in Phosphorous (except Borchala , Rangapara and Sootea block ). Soils in most of the blocks is low in phosphorus and medium in potash content.

Rain fed and irrigated area:

Presently only   24 % of cultivable area is irrigated and the main source of irrigation is shallow tube wells (STW) and low lift pump (LLP) that contributes 11 % to total irrigated area . Farmers in two development blocks of the district Borchala and  Bihaguri have been deprived of the main source of irrigation facility that is STW due to non clearance on Arsenic content of ground water by the concerned authority .

Flood affected area:

Generally the district experiences two to three waves of floods in between May to September.  At present 15686 ha viz. 9.50% of cultivable area is chronically flood affected area .It  is observed that three blocks viz. Dhekiajuli, Borchala and Gabharu are affected severely and three blocks viz. Naduar, Sootea and Biswanath affected mildly while remaining  blocks remain either unaffected or negligibly affected by flood.

Different Wings  of District Agriculture

 

Soil testing laboratories in the District:

There is one Soil Testing laboratory in the district to cater to the needs of neighbouring Darrang and Nagaon district also. Non-availability of Mobile Soil Testing Van has badly been felt by the laboratory to meet the growing demand of soil sample analysis from the remote areas. Of late,  one Atomic Absorption Spectro  Photometer  has been installed in the laboratory to analyze micronutrients  (Boron, Zinc, Sulpher,   Calcium, Magnesium , Molybdenum etc.) availability in the soil.

Agricultural Statistics Office:

There is a statistical wing under the charge of a Statistical Officer at Tezpur. This wing is responsible for monitoring of different programme taken up by the department in the district by conducting crop cutting experiments and maintaining statistical records.

Agmark Labrotary:

The District AGMARK Laboratory  was established  in the year 1975at Tezpur and has played a vital role in the field of grading of food products like grounded spices, mustard oil under the AGMARK brand . The AGMARK laboratory of Tezpur is specially approved for grounded spices like turmeric powder, cumin powder, coriander powder and chilli powder. Samples of the grounded spices are collected from local approved packers and analyzed in the laboratory and graded under AGMARK.. Currently this office is only performing the duty of persuading the local traders to go for the AGMARK brand, as the laboratory is not under working condition currently due to various technical difficulties and paucity of fund .

Community Canning & Training Centre:

Sonitpur district produces a whole variety of fruits, like, litchi, pineapple, lime, guava, banana etc. Due to the importance given to increased horticultural production in the state, it is necessary that the consumption of processed fruits and vegetables is increased so as to avoid post harvest loss and to ensure better nutrition and good health to people. With this aim in view, a Community Canning and Training Centre was established at Tezpur in 1972. This centre, headed by the SDAO (CC&TC) facilities for processing of seasonal fruits and vegetables on a domestic basis along with training programme for induction of the educated unemployed, particularly ladies, in processing of such produce. Facilities for preparation of value-added produce, such as, Squashes, Jams, Jellies, Sauces, and Pickles etc are made available for the public at a very nominal rate.

Agricultural Marketing:

There is an Agriculture Marketing unit in charge of the Asst. Agril. Marketing Officer is responsible for market survey and also for monitoring of input supply including credit. The marketing unit collects information on market prices, market arrivals etc. of different agricultural commodities on daily and weekly basis and send the information to the state and the central government through NICNET.

The Agril. Marketing unit collects  Local Market Rates of various Agril. Commodities in different markets of the district daily (including holidays) The  information is transmitted to all the “Community Information Centre”s of the district daily through the computer network. This step has helped the farmers living in distant places of the district to know about the actual price the consumer is paying for their produce, thereby minimizing the chance of being cheated by the middlemen.

Agricultural Engineering Wing :

In Sonitpur district there is one engineering division located at Tezpur, Hazarapar which constitutes two agri engineering subdivisions viz. Gohpur and Tezpur. Agricultural machineries , implements and equipments under departmental schemes are arranged by the Engineering wing of the department and also and looks after the various constructional    matters of the department

.Field Trial Station: 

Situated at Chariduar at a distance of 35 kms. from the district head quarter this FTS was established in 1981-82 with an area of 11 hectares where adoptive research and on farm trials are conducted under the leadership of Deputy Director of Agriculture (FTS).

Krishi Vigyan Kendra:  

A research centre established by the Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat at Napam which is at a distance of about 10 kms from the district head quarter. The institution is conducting different agricultural and allied field trials in the district. Along with that, the KVK conducts various training programme and Farmer-Scientist interactions from time to time.

Service Centers in Agriculture & Allied Sectors:

 The Assam Seed Corporation, in public sector is arranging the supply of inputs like seeds, fertilizers,  planting materials etc. The corporation supply inputs to the farmers directly and also through the network of private dealers. However, private wholesalers and retailers are arranging most of the inputs needed in the district.

At present 243 wholesalers and retailers are functioning in the district. Dealers numbering 159 are functioning in major town of the district and arranging supply of agriculture machineries and equipments like tractors, power tiller, pump sets etc. A good numbers of private vermi-compost producers are doing business by supplying vermicompost in bulk quantity and through retail sale.

Basic Marketing Infrastructure for Agricultural Produce (Post Harvest Management):

The district has no sufficient rural godowns and onion storage facility at door step of farmers. However, two cold storage, one at Gingia particularly for potato storage and another at Tezpur for potato , both for consumption and seed purpose. In view of increasing production of perishable produce at least another three cold-storage structure is badly needed in the district. There are 13 main markets and 23 sub-markets in the district.

The economy of the district centers around agriculture . Paddy is the predominant commodity that is cultivated three times (winter/ Autumn/Summer) on130052 ha, 18027 Ha and 25008  hectares of land respectively . The other important crops of the district are pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, vegetable & potato.

Area, Production & Productivity Trend of Main Crops in the District

Sl. No.

Name of Crop

2014-15

Area (Ha)

Production (MT)

Productivity(Kg/Ha )

1

2

3

4

5

1

Orange

440

5185

11785

2

Banana

3933

70716

17980

3

Pine apple

841

14837

17642

4

Coconut

1882

13801(000nos)

50 (nuts / tree)

5

Chillies

1105

646

585

6

Turmeric

1013

854

970

7

Ginger

626

6075

9705

8

Onion

565

2692

4765

9

Black pepper

125

211

1685

10

Areca nut

4783

3108(dry cured nut)

116 (nuts / tree)

11

Papaya

519

12417

23926

12

Water melon

450

6650

15000

12

Litchi

775

5425(000) nos

7000 fruits / tree

 

ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT, SONITPUR

Level

Office

Designation

Head Quarter

Nos.of Post

DISTRICT LEVEL

DISTRICT AGRICULTURE OFFICE

District Agricultural Officer

Tezpur

1

Asstt. Director(DL)

Tezpur

2

SDAO ( Information)

Tezpur

1

SDAO (Horticulture )

Tezpur

1

Agril. Development Officer(Jute)

Tezpur

1

Agril. Inspector

Tezpur

3

AGRIICULTURE
MARKETING

Sr. Agril. Development Officer(Mrktg)

Tezpur

1

Agril. Marketing Inspector

Tezpur

1

Asst. Agril. Market Intelligence Inspector

Tezpur

1

Asst. Agril. Market Intelligence Inspector

Biswanath

1

Asst. Agril. Market Intelligence Inspector

Dhekiajuli

1

 DISTRICT AGMARK LABORATORY

SDAO(AGMARK)

Tezpur

1

Agril. Development Officer(Chemical)

Tezpur

1

SOIL TESTING LABORATORY

SDAO (Soil)

Tezpur

1

Agril. Development Officer(Soil)

Tezpur

5

Jr.Scietific Assistant

Tezpur

2

COMMUNITY CANNING & TRAINING CENTRE

SDAO (CC&DO)

Tezpur

1

Supervisor

Tezpur

1

AGRICULTURE
STATISTICS

Statistical Officer(Agri)

Tezpur

1

Statistical Inspector

Tezpur

1

Asst. Inspector

Tezpur

1

Primary Investigator

Tezpur

3

Field Investigator

Tezpur

3

Field Assistant

Tezpur

2

SUB-DIVISION  LEVEL

SUB-DIVISIONAL AGRICULTURE
OFFICE, TEZPUR

Sub-Divisional Agricultural Officer (H.Q)

Tezpur

1

Sr. Agril. Development Officer(PP)

Tezpur

1

Sr. Agril. Development Officer(Ag)

Tezpur

1

Agril. Development Officer

Bhangamandir , Dhekiajuli, Raikashmari, Thelamara, Bihaguri, Bindukuri, Depota, Balipara, Missamari, Charaiduar, Dhalaibil, Ghoramari, Nagsankar, Chillabandha, Sootea, Jamuguri, & Sirajjli circle

17

Agriculture Field Asstt.

 

117

SUB-DIVISIONAL AGRICULTURE
OFFICE, BISWANATH CHARIALI

Sub-Divisional Agricultural Officer

Biswanath

1

Sr. Agril .Development Officer(PP)

Biswanath

1

Sr. Agril .Development Officer(Ag)

Biswanath

1

Agril. Development Officer

Biswanath ,pabhoi , Borgong, Gingia circle

4

Agriculture Field Asstt.

 

26

SUB-DIVISIONAL AGRICULTURE OFFICE, GOHPUR

Sub-Divisional Agricultural Officer

Gohpur

1

Sr. Agril. Development Officer

Gohpur

1

Agril. Development Officer

Gohpur, Ghahiagaon ,Kalabari

3

Agriculture Field Asstt.

 

24

 

MAJOR ON GOING SCHEMES AND IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL SCHEME  IN THE DISTRICT  :

1) NFSM: Area and production of the paddy increased significantly such as for Summer paddy area 13469 ha in 2007-08, at present increase to 25008 ha. Productivity of Rice increases from 1405 kg/ha to 2246 kg/ha in 2007-08 to 2014-15 respectively. Mainly use of HYV, Hybrid seeds & micronutrients & creation of irrigation facilities by electric pump. Pulse area increases from 7201 ha in the 2009-10 to 13600 ha covered in the year 2014-15. Productivity of Pulse increases from 619 kg/ha to 797kg/ha respectively due to result of HYV seeds & micronutrients & training.

2) RKVY:
Due to RKVY scheme Maize area of the district increases significantly from 441  ha in 2009-10  to 1151 ha (2014-15) in the district, productivity reaches to 5264 kg/ha due to use of Hybrid seeds.                                                    

3) RKVY(Hort):-
Under this scheme, cultivation of onion is well accepted by the farmers in the district in   2014-15, covering 90 ha area as demo. High yielding potato variety such as   Kufri jyoti, Kufri pokhraj, Kufri himalini were provided & farmers well accepted the variety due to their high yield.             

4) HMNEH:-
Farmers are encouraged  to increase the area of high value crops like  litchi & water melon to generate their farm income  though the scheme and their own source. Water melon is produced in such a land where no other crop can be  cultivated. Fallow river bed is properly utilized through this crop. Newly introduced crops for the farmers are strawberry and gerbera to promote the  cut flower business. 

5) Organic  Farming:-
      Organic Joha & Sugarcane produced in the farm at Sootea, produced sold  at Agri-horti show, Ghy. Basically, awareness regarding Organic Farming, Vermicompost produced  Land separation for organic cultivations are done to avail organic certification.

6) NAEP:-
Mainly demonstrations are conducted under this schemes such as Pea, Lentil, Hybrid  paddy etc. by which farmers may learn the technique of modern agriculture.

7) State Plan:
Machinery & equipments are provided to the farmers to increase work efficiency of farmers particularly women farmers & to uplift the economic condition of  farm family.

8) MNOOP:-New variety Pusa mehek of mustard & groundnut K-6, variety were demonstrated. From the demo, it is seen that “Pusa mehek” can be cultivated up to Dec (1200 kg/ha).

9)KCC :- YEAR WISE STATEMENT ON THE PROGRESS OF KCC IN SONITPUR DISTRICT .

Year

No of KCC issued

Amount  (Rs. In Lakh)

2001-02

380

63.64

2002-03

4743

543.87

2003-04

10861

750.10

2004-05

7027

551.95

2005-06

4700

481.25

2006-07

5032

552.00

2007-08

4066

610.00

2008-09

3226

975.65

2009-10

3559

1193.22

2010-11

7982

1382.22

2011-12

11802

3276.69

2012-13

14042

5197.13

2013-14

15849

4320.20

2014-15

17284

8949.89

2015-16

10150

4249.25

TOTAL

120703 no

33097.06

 

Abbreviation

Full Form

NFSM

National Food Security Mission

RKVY

Rastriya Krishi Vikash Yojana

DM

Disaster Management

NAEP

National Agricultural Extension Programme

HMNEH under MIDH

Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture

 MNOOP

National Mission for Oilseed & Oilpalm

AACP-AF

Assam Agricultural Competitiveness Project-Additional Funding

HDPE

High Density Poly Ethelene

A3P

Accelerated Pulse Production Programme

BGREI

Bringing Green Revolution in Eastern India

RADP

Rainfed Area Development Programme

KCC

Kishan Credit Card

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We are proud of ::

TEZPUR CHILLI :

Chilli was introduced in India by the Portuguese in 1542 which has now become the universal spice of India. India is the highest producer of this nature’s wonder. One of the most popular varieties of chilli is “Tezpur Chilli”- which has now been universally accepted as the hottest chilli. Locally known as “Bhot Jalakia” ”Naga Jalakia” or”Maharani”.This particular chilliy variety , with its hotness of 855 K unit achieved the top position by replacing ’Red Savina Habnero’,- the Mexican chilly which has a hotnees of 577k .

TEZPUR LITCHI ::

The demand of the scented, fleshy and mouth watering giant Tezpur litchi has grown beyond expectation. Observing this ever increasing demand, the District Agriculture Department has worked out an Action Plan to increase the area, production and productivity of the Tezpur litchi and has started its action in this regard.


Steps  taken by the Department of agriculture to popularize the Tezpur Litchi :
Sonitpur agriculture has taken a great step to expand the area of Tezpur litchi in the entire district though the Area Expansion Programme under the scheme HMNEH. Under this scheme an area of 390 Ha allotted to different growers group of the district upto the year 2015-16. Out of this, an area of 75 Ha  have been successfully completed with creation of Litchi village at Porowa and Pormaighuli under ADO circle Ghoramari. Another major litchi area expansion have been successfully completed in the villages of Uttar Dharikati, Dharikati and 16mile Bhalukpung in Chariduar ADO circle . The farmers of the villages of Naharbari, Oubari, Samukia , Balijuri, Nizarapar   are accepting the litchi area expansion progremme with great excitement.  The department  initiated a small nursery during the year 2009-10 with the farmers of Porowa to produce quality  layers of three popular litchi varieties Viz. Bombaiya, Bilaity and Ilaishi which were distributed to the farmers of the  villages under area expansion programme

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